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What are the similarities and differences observed in gymnosperms and angiosperms?

Ncert solutions for Class 11th Biology Lab Manual Chapter 2 Exercise 2 Question 4


Similarities :-
 (i) both of them belongs to the subkingdom Phanerogammae
(ii)Both of them have well-differentiated roots, stem and leaves.
(iii)Both possess a well-developed vascular system.

                      Gymnoesperms                                  Angiosperms

.They do not produce flowers.                 .They produces flowers and seeds.

.They have naked seeds.                         .The seeds are enclosed by the fruit                                                                 wall.

.The ovules are not located in                  .The ovules are enclosed in the
the ovary.                                                 ovary.

.Primitive group of seed bearing             .They are highly evolved plants.

.The xylem lacks vessles and pholem      .The xylem contains vessles and lacks companion cells.                             the pholem contains companion                                                                   cells.

hoped helped u :))

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