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Describe how the Himalayas were formed.

Social Science - Contemporary India

Chapter 2. Physical Features of India


1) 1000 million years ago there was a single mass of land Pangia and a single water body panthalsa.
2) the land was divided into two parts called Gondwana and Angara land by Tethy sea 
the plates got further divided into more plates the two of them were Eurasian and Indo-Australian plate
3) these two plates collided 
4) the collision was convergent the sediments of tethy sea got deposit
5) the deposition of sediments resulted in formation of Himalayas   
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India is a part of Gondwana land originated due to denudation process.

over 200 million years ago Gondwana land split into pieces and Indian plateau moved North-East and collided with Eurasian plate.

Due to this collision folded mountains are formed.

At present they are known as HIMALAYAS.

Hope this may helps uu................

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The Himalayas, which stretch some 2,900 kilometres between India, Pakistan, China, and Nepal, is the world’s tallest mountain range. In addition to Mount Everest, the world’s tallest mountain by peak elevation standing at 8,848 meters tall, the range also features several other mountain peaks over 8,000 meters. It is the only mountain range to boast mountains over 8,000 meters—the runner-up is a mountain range in South America, whose tallest peak is just 6,962 meters tall.

Millions of years ago, these mountain peaks didn’t exist. The Asian continent was mostly intact, but India was an island floating off the coast of Australia. Around 220 million years ago, around the time that Pangea was breaking apart, India started to move northwards. 

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