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    Fuel is  coal, oil, gas or other organic matter that can be burned to give thermal energy.  Burning of fuel in presence of air/oxygen is called combustion.  Wood and other materials also can be burnt to give heat energy.  Fossil fuels are the natural resources : coal, oil (petroleum), gas that form under Earth's surface from dead plants, organisms, and animals.  Fossil fuels are formed over a long duration naturally.  Synthetic fuels are made from existing chemicals using special processes.  They are not economical yet.

Why Fuel Conservation:
     Conventional Fuels are limited resources on our Earth.  They are natural resources (fossil) and are exhaustible (non-renewable like Solar Energy) in a few centuries.  Even the fuels we manufacture are made from natural resources and use electricity to make them.  Electricity is generated using fossil fuels.

    Excessive use and burning of fuels as well as their inefficient use cause pollution and global warming.  Our Earth's natural reserves will be emptied faster and Earth's ecological system balance will be tampered with.  Our descendants could face problems of fuel shortage in future.  So we must conserve all fuels.

  Also, government spends a lot of money for subsidizing fuel to the people.  Fuel saved is money saved at national level.  Due to pollution our air and water bodies are affected.  Our health is indirectly affected.  Ozone layer is perforated due to CFC (chlorofluoro Carbons).  So Less fuel burnt enables Ozone layer to protect us better.

    Moreover, we import fuels.  We pay foreign currency to get it.  An excessive use of fuel makes us dependent on other countries. It is not a favourable situation.   We must save fuel and energy as a social obligation to our society and responsibility.

Fuel Conservation as a Habit

  We should all take actions individually and collectively at all levels.

1. Save water. Don't waste or throw it.  If used water can be further used for gardening and watering plants etc. please do so.
2. Use only as much as required - any products we use.  To manufacture, transport, sell, buy a product - some fuel is spent in some form.  Let that be rice, vegetables, chips, fuel, cement, furniture, or a vehicle.

3. Use electricity carefully and prudently.  Switch off gadgets when not in use.  To produce electricity, some fuel is used in some where.

4. Use public or shared transport if possible.  Go by walk if the destinations are nearby.

5.  At traffic lights, switch off engines of vehicles during (idling) waiting period.  A lot of fuel is wasted and pollution is created there.  Many government, public and private transport company owned vehicles do not switch off their engines at Signals. In western world they do.  In India the drivers do not do that due to the fear of engines not starting quickly.  So better ignition technology is required.
6. Encourage recycle, regenerate, reduce types of technologies and processes.  Make it a habit to check if you are following processes, gadgets that are efficient.  Whenever you buy some thing, check its ratings & approvals.

7. Encourage green technologies.  Use latest electric lamps.  Use electric scooters, and cars.  Buy and use solar heaters, solar energy based equipment.  Bio-fuels and efficient engines are also probably round the corner.

8. Population control is required.  The population is growing at an alarming rate. So the fuel requirements are growing.  If we control population, fuel usage is also controlled.

9. Encourage use of bicycles in places that are safe.  Use bicycles.

    Even though the prices of fuel are going up, the demand is still growing. So explicit actions are required to save fuel or create better fuels.  Teach children to save fuel and practice the suggestions.

   Being rich or having a status does not authorize wasting fuel or energy.  If we remember this, then we will surely make fuel conservation as our habit.

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