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      Lok Nayak JP Narayan was a selfless freedom fighter of India, social reformer, political thinker, political leader and a gentleman.  He was well respected by all political parties and people in India.

      He was impressed with stories of valour of Rajuput Kings and Bhagawd Gita.  So he developed noble qualities.  He married very early in his life at the age of 18 yrs, a freedom fighter “Prabhavati Devi”.   She lived in Mahatma Gandhi’s ashram in Gujrat participating freedom struggles and social activities of Kasturba Gandhi.

      He was impressed by Maulana Azad and left English school and joined Vidyapeeth run by the Congress. He went to USA for higher studies in political science, economics and sociology.  On returning from USA he joined Indian National Congress in 1929.  It was on the call of Pandit Nehru to help free the nation.  Gandhiji became his mentor and Guru too. .  He was jailed many times during the independence struggle.  He was tortured by British, unlike other national leaders.

    He participated in activities along with Ram Manohar Lohia, Minoo Masaani, Ashok Mehta, and Yusuf Desai.   He was jailed during the civil disobedience movement initiated by Gandhiji in 1932.  He escape the jail with the help of his friends.  Then he became the general secretary of the newly formed “Congress Socialist Party”, within the Congress party.

     During the Quit India movement in August 1942, he participated at the frontline as one of its leaders.  He along with Yogendra Shukla and others escaped the Jail to start underground activities for Freddom struggle.   After the death of Gandhiji, CSP became the first socialist opposition party to ruling congress, due to the differences in the political philosophies, capitalism vs socialism.  JP was awarded Bharat Ratna award for all his contributions to Indian people.

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Jayprakash Narayan was born on 11 October 1902 in the village of Sitabdiara in Saran district of Bihar, India. He came from a Kayastha family.He was the fourth child of Harsu Dayal Srivastava and Phul Rani Devi. His father Harsu Dayal was a junior official in the Canal Department of the State government and was often touring the region. When Narayan was 9 years old, he left his village to enroll in 7th class of the collegiate school at Patna. While in school, Jayaprakash read magazines like Saraswati, Prabha and Pratap, books like Bharat-Bharati, and poems by Maithilsharan Gupta and Bharatendu Harishchandra which described the courage and valour of the Rajput kings. Jayaprakash also read the Bhagwad Gita. His essay, "The present state of Hindi in Bihar" won a best essay award. He excelled in school and by 1918 completed school and undertook the 'State Public Matriculation Examination' and won a District merit scholarship to Patna college.In October 1920, Narayan was married to Braj Kishore Prasad's daughter Prabhavati devi, a freedom fighter in her own right. At the time of marriage, Jayaprakash was 18 years and Prabhavati was 14 years of age, which was a normal age for marriage in that period. After their wedding, since Narayan was working in Patna and it was difficult for his wife to stay with him, on the invitation of Gandhi, Prabhavati became an inmate at the Ashram of Gandhi. Jayaprakash, along with some friends, went to listen to Maulana Abul Kalam Azad speak about the Non-co-operation movement launched by Gandhi against the passing of the rowlatt Act of 1919. The Maulana was a brilliant orator and his call to give up English education was "like leaves before a storm: Jayaprakash was swept away and momentarily lifted up to the skies. That brief experience of soaring up with the winds of a great idea left imprints on his inner being”. Jayaprakash took the Maulana’s words to heart and left Patna College with just 20 days remaining for his examinations. He joined the Bihar Vidyapeeth, a college run by the Congress.
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