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2015-10-08T19:24:03+05:30

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Gandhiji went to London in England for studying law after his matriculation.  After completing the degree he returned to Gujarat and started practicing law.  He was hired to take care of the legal affairs of a client, which led him to go to South Africa.  British were ruling South Africa too.

    In 1893 Gandhiji landed in South Africa.  On the complaint of a white man against a colored man sitting with him, he was asked to go out of the 1st class compartment in spite of having a valid ticket.  Gandhiji understood the severity of the racial discrimination against blacks.  Gandhiji continued to do his professional duty as well as fight for the rights of the Indians there.  After 3 years, Gandhji returned to India to seek help from leaders of the Indian National Congress.  Then he went back to South Africa with a number of Indians from India.  A mob attacked them but Gandhiji kept cool and peace.  British government stopped South African government from stopping Indians from voting rights.

       In 1899 during the Boer war Gandhiji helped recruitment of Indians for fighting for British government.  Anti-Indian philosophy of the government continued still.   Gandhiji firmly believed that supporting and staying with the government will change its attitude.  He continued living there with his family protesting in peaceful non-violent mode.

     Gandhiji returned to India with his family in 1901 and started a law firm in Mumbai.  South African Indians needed his help to fight against racist atrocities.  He returned to South Africa again in 1902.  From a normal person he changed into a peace crusader there.  He lead a model life of celibacy with discipline.  His adopted a new diet and followed Bhagavad Gita.  He was influenced by John Ruskin.  He trained people in non-violence and Satyagraha.  What it meant was the unacceptable laws were broken peacefully.  They went to jails in masses.  They organized strikes and protests.  They did non-cooperation ie., stopped the economic activity for the government.

      In 1906 he organized a satyagraha protest against Indian immigrants.  Next year, he organized another one against the Blacks Act, the compulsory registration for Asians in South Africa.  Two years later he was jailed for two months for organizing the protests and again in 1909 for 3 months.   He then travelled to England to get support from Indians in England.  In 1913 he led a campaign and a protest against the law which could annul marriages not performed in the Christian way.  He lead nearly two thousand Indians.  He was arrested and released in expectation of a compromise.

      General Smuts could not fight or argue logically with him.  He recognized their faults and wrongs in treating colored people in a bad way.  Gandhiji’s ways are honored.  Indians in South Africa were treated better by the law.  Gandhiji made them look at Indians in the humanitarian way.  Finally, in 2014 after being with South Africans for 21 years, Gandhiji returned to India.  The cruelty in treatment of colored people reduced, but racist Pretoria regime continued for many decades.

     He was widely recognized as an ambassador of peace and a man of self-respect and courage, by the British.  Gandhiji’s deeds there are recognized even today.  Nelson Mandela had followed Gandhiji’s philosophy and ways.  Gandhiji turned from a lawyer to savior of Indian community.  Durban, Pretoria, Johannesburg were places of importance during his tenure.  The house he lived in South Africa is declared as a cultural heritage center.
 
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2015-10-09T03:05:06+05:30

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Certified answers contain reliable, trustworthy information vouched for by a hand-picked team of experts. Brainly has millions of high quality answers, all of them carefully moderated by our most trusted community members, but certified answers are the finest of the finest.
   Gandhiji went to South Africa in 1893 at the age of 24 to practice law and earn money.  He went there on behalf of a law firm.  He lived there with his family in a house in Johannesburg.  It is now called Gandhi House and is a national heritage center.
    He experienced directly racial discrimination action in the train to Pretoria from Durban.  He was asked vacate the seat in 1st class on a complaint from a white man and was thrown out of the train.  Gandhiji showed the typical self-restraint and continued to understand the situation of the Indians and colored people there.
    He started protesting for the rights of Indians.  He went to India to get support from Indian National congress leaders.  His first major victory was in countering successfully the South African rulers when they tried to take away the voting rights of the blacks and Indians residing there.
     He recruited Indians for fighting for the British during Boer war.  He returned to India in 1901. In 1902, he returned to South Africa on the request of South African Indians.  He had to help them to live better and fight against the rulers.   He started his movement of Satyagraha, non-violence and truth.  It consisted of peaceful protests, breaking law, non-cooperation, civil disobedience, filling jails, mass arrests. silent suffering, and face the whites courageously.  He trained South Africans in his new path.  It included no killing or violence against the British.  It was mainly meant for the rightful rights of people and better treatment.

    He organized and led many major protests during 1903 - 1906.  One against the Blacks act that required registration of blacks in their own native place.  Another against an act non-recognition of marriages not performed according to Christian formalities.  He won them all against General Smuts.  Gandhiji's firm beliefs in God, religion, discipline, and power of truth  made him win.  He believed that the underlying humanity in any person (even British) will succumb to the persistent peaceful protests, reason, justice which are on his side.  Gandhiji's friends in Europe and India helped his activities.  The media was able to put pressure on British government.

   Finally Gandhiji returned to India in 1914 after lifting the level of life of colored people ove there.  His experience in South Africa was the trailer for what he did in India.  His contributions in South Africa were renewed by Nelson Mandela in the struggle for Independence from White rule.
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My apologies sir:-)