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Case Study of two villages Vanaparthy and Vaddicherla in Warangal district of Andhra Pradesh.  A survey was ;conducted in two villages of Warangal district of Telangana region -the first with no scarcity and second with scarce ground water. Well census was carried out in the villages in order to get a complete picture of well irrigation and its status as well as availability of water. Basic information on well irrigation was collected using a small questionnaire from all the well owners in the sample villages. 

         Detailed information regarding various socio-economic aspects was collected using detailed questionnaire from a sample of 25 households owning wells. Families in both the villages were asked to narrate the changes in the ground water situation during the last five years. There are  no alternative sources to supply as against wells in Vaddicherla, whereas there is an existing tank that has been converted into Percolation Tank, so that the water situation is much better In Vanaparthy.

        Due to less water supply and no underground water. Hence the villages adopted a new way of storing water which is by constructing dams and percolation tanks which helped them to stay out of the problem of water scarcity.

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While water is a renewable resource, it is at the same time a finite resource. The total quantity of water available on the globe is the same as it was two thousand years ago.

It is important to appreciate the fact that only 3 per cent of the world’s water is fresh and roughly one-third of it is inaccessible. The rest is very unevenly distributed and the available supplies are increasingly contaminated with wastes and pollution from industry, agriculture and households.

Over the years, increasing population, growing industrialisation, expanding agriculture and rising standards of living have pushed up the demand for water. Efforts have been made to collect water by building dams and reservoirs and creating ground water structures such as wells. Recycling and desalination of water are other options but cost involved is very high.

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