Answers

2016-01-25T12:14:17+05:30
All students, at some point in their academic career, must review for an exam. There are several different study techniques that can be employed, including flash cards, rote practice, practice tests or quizzes, and games to review the material. Because of the potential for these methods to impact student learning and exam outcomes, it is important that research is done to look at the effectiveness of these methods. Not only might they positively impact grades, but the ways in which students choose to study may negatively impact their grades as well. It is first helpful to identify why employing different study techniques in classroom teaching is important. Krätzig and Arbuthnott (2006) found that varied learning techniques aid in retaining complicated information, and Klepper’s (2003) study found that a multi-approach in vocabulary was more effective than using a single approach. Because individuals differ in the type of stimuli from which they best retain and process information, such as verbal or visual (Krätzig & Arbuthnott, 2006), it is best to have a variety of resources available to students to aid in the learning process (Franklin, Peat, & Lewis, 2003). Not only can this accommodate a range of learning styles, but it can also minimize repetition and boredom in the classroom (Franklin et al., 2003). This is more important now than ever, as research has found that today’s students have more diversity in learning styles (Moore & Dettlaff, 2005). 
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