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The term ‘pollution’ has gained a wider significance in recent years. Pollution refers to the release of chemical or substances into the environment that is injurious for human, animal and plant life. The water, air, noise and other forms of pollution in one terminology is known as the pollution of the eco-systemWater PollutionWater Pollution refers to the contamination of water bodies such as water, sea, lakes, ocean, etc. It happens when pollutants are discharged into water without proper treatment. The organic sources of water pollution are food-processing wastes, tree debris, etc. The inorganic sources are acidic industrial discharge, silt, etc.Proper treatment of pollutants before their introduction to the water bodies is of utmost importance to mitigate the growing water pollution.Air PollutionAir pollution is introduction of chemicals to the atmosphere. It damages environmental balance and causes several diseases.  The major causes include massive deforestation, atomic explosions, old vehicles, industrial fumes, etc.Massive deforestation should be immediately stopped since it has altered the balance between oxygen and carbon dioxide. Industrial and vehicle law relating to air pollution should be properly implemented.Noise PollutionNoise pollution is the excessive sound that may cause harm to the humanity. The sources of indoor noise pollution are machines, television, music activities. The external sources of noise pollution are industries, vehicles, trains, etc.Noise control measures such as noise barriers, smooth roadways, etc. can be introduced to reduce the pollution.Thermal PollutionThe excessive use of water as coolant in heavy industries and power plants cause change in the temperature of water in lakes, ponds and rivers beyond normal limits. This is called Thermal Pollution.
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Pollution has become a major environmental issue as it has created lots of health hazards to the people and animals of any age group. In the recent years the rate of pollution is increasing very sharply because of the industrialized waste material mixing out directly into the soil, air and water. However, in our country full attention is not getting paid to control it. It needs to be tackle seriously otherwise our future generations would suffer a lot.Pollution is classified into many categories according to the natural resources getting affected such as air pollution, soil pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, etc. Rate of pollution is increasing due to the selfishness of the human being to earn more money and to fulfil some unnecessary wishes. In the modern era where technological advancement is given more priority by the people, everyone has forgotten the real discipline of life.Continuous and unnecessary cutting down of the forests, urbanization and large production through industrialization has involved as a huge causes of the pollution. Harmful and poisonous wastes created from such activities causes irreversible changes to the soil, air and water which ultimately push lives towards pain. This big social issue needs a public level social awareness programme to destroy by its root to get complete relief.Ultimately all the man made technological advancement is the big reason of all types of pollution on the earth. So, no one other than human, who is digging a pit of pollution worldwide and creating a serious problem for the living things on the earth. The quality of life is worsening day by day as pollution acts as a devil which causes various health ailments like high blood pressure, kidney disorders, respiratory disease, cancer, epidemics, skin diseases, etc.
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