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C6H6 (benzene) + HNO3 (nitric acid) ----[conc.H2SO4]----> 1-nitrobenzene (C6H5-NO2) + H2O 

1-nitrobenzene + HNO3 ----[conc . H2SO4]----> 1,4- dinitrobenzene 

1-nitrobenzene is "meta-directing" hence the nitro group from HNO3 will go to 4th carbon , thus "1,4-dinitrobenzene)
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