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Esterification is a reverse process of saponification 

in esterification a carboxylic acid and an alcohol will react to form ester .

RCOOH + R'OH    ⇒  RCOOR + H20

in saponification ester react with an strong base or acid to form alcohol and carboxylic acid 

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esterification reaction ---  the reaction between carboxylic acid and an alcohol in the presence of conc.sulpheric acid to form sweet smelling substance called ester.
CH₃COOH+C₂H₅OH ---------------> CH₃COOC₂H₅+H₂O
saponification reaction---- alkaline hydrolysis of ester produces soap.
CH₃COOC₂H₅+NaOH -------------> CH₃COONa +C₂H₅OH
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