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Answer the following questions in about 30 words.

(i) What is biodiversity? Why is biodiversity important for human lives?
(ii) How have human activities affected the depletion of flora and fauna? Explain.

NCERT Class 10th Social Science (Contemporary India II) Chapter 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources



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The answer of both section is:

(i) The variability of plant and animal life in the world, which is considered to be the important and very necessary is known as biodiversity. The biodiversity is very important for the human lives because human beings and the biodiversity help to form the ecological system necessary for our own existence.

(ii) Many human activities have affected the depletion of flora and fauna, which has resulted in the decline of biodiversity in India. Some of the reasons of this depletion are habitat destruction, pollution, deforestation, large scale developments and more. 

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