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it is the type of development in which present day development is done without affecting the resource base for future generation.

it has immense importance as it maintains the resources uniformly.

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Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Sustainable development has continued to evolve as that of protecting the world’s resources while its true agenda is to control the world’s resources. Environmentally sustainable economic growth refers to economic development that meets the needs of all without leaving future generations with fewer natural resources than those we enjoy today.

The essence of this form of development is a stable relationship between human activities and the natural world, which does not diminish the prospects for future generations to enjoy a quality of life at least as good as our own.

The idea of environmentally sustainable economic growth is not new. Many cultures over the course of human history have recognized the need for harmony between the environment, society and economy. The ‘environmentally sustainable economic growth’ is synonym to the prevalent concept of ‘Sustainable Development’. The goal of which is to achieve balance/harmony between environment sustainability, economic sustainability and socio-political sustainability.

However, one problem faced by environmental managers is that the goal of sustainable development is not fully formed and its fundamental concepts are still debated. Sustainable development, like environmental management, is not easily defined.

According to other definitions, Sustainable developments are:

i. Environmental care ‘married’ to development.

ii. Improving the quality of human life while living within the carrying capacity of supporting ecosystems.

iii. Development based on the principle of inter-generational {i.e. bequeathing the same or improved resource endowment to the future that has been inherited), inter-species and inter-group equity.

iv. Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

v. An environmental ‘handrail’ to guide development.

vi. A change in consumption patterns towards more benign products, and a shift in investment patterns towards augmenting environmental capital.

vii. A process that seeks to make manifest a higher standard of living (however interpreted) for human beings that recognizes this cannot be achieved at the expense of environmental integrity.

The concept of sustainable development, although had appeared in the 1970s, was widely disseminated in the early 1980s by the ‘World Conservation Strategy’ (IUCN, UNE’P and WWF, 1980), which called for the maintenance of essential ecological processes; the preservation of biodiversity; and sustainable use of species and ecosystems.

The Brundtland Report, Our Common Future (World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987), placed it on the world’s political agenda and helped re-kindle public interest in the environment. It also spread the message that global environmental management was needed; and that without a reduction of poverty, ecosystem damage would be difficult to counter. Twenty years after the ‘World Conservation Strategy’ the same three bodies published ‘Caring for the Earth’ (IUCN, UNEP and WWF, 1991), which proposed principles intended to help move from theory to practice.

The concept of sustainable development was introduced in early 1980’s (in particular through the publication of the World Conservation Strategy by IUCN, UNEP and WWF, 1980), in order to reconcile conservation and development objectives. Since then, it has evoked much discussion.

The aim of sustainable development is to balance our economic, environmental and social needs, allowing prosperity for now and future generations. Sustainable development consists of a long-term, integrated approach to developing and achieving a healthy community by jointly addressing economic, environmental, and social issues, whilst avoiding the over consumption of key natural resources.

Sustainable development encourages us to conserve and enhance our resource base, by gradually changing the ways in which we develop and use technologies. Countries must be allowed to meet their basic needs of employment, food, energy, water and sanitation.

If this is to be done in a sustainable manner, then there is a definite need for a sustainable level of population. Economic growth should be supported and developing nations should be allowed a growth of equal quality to the developed nations. There are four objectives of sustainable development:

These include social progress and equality, environmental protection, conservation of natural resources and stable economic growth. Everybody has the right to a healthy, clean and safe environment. Everybody has the right to a healthy, clean and safe environment.

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