differential heating :- Differential heating is the term used to describe the difference in how air is heated over land versus how air is heated over water. Land warms and cools faster than water, which means the air over land heats up and cools off at a different rate than the air over water. This creates the difference in temperatures of the air over land compared to water.
Land breeze Definition: A land breeze is a type of wind that blows from the land to the ocean. When there is a temperature difference between the land surface and the ocean, winds will move offshore. Although commonly associated with ocean shorelines, land breezes can also be experienced near any large body of water such as a lake.
A sea-breeze (or onshore breeze) is a cool breeze that develops over land near coasts. It is formed by increasing temperature differences between the land and water; these create a pressure minimum over the land due to its relative warmth, and forces higher pressure, cooler air from the sea to move inland. Generally, air temperature gets cooler relative to nearby locations as one moves closer to a large body of water.