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Art and Architecture
The Chalukyas were great patronsof art. They developed the vesara stylein the building of structural temples.However, the vesara style reached itsculmination only under the Rashtrakutasand the Hoysalas. The structural templesof the Chalukyas exist at Aihole, Badamiand Pattadakal. Cave temple architecture was also famous under theChalukyas. Their cave temples are found in Ajanta, Ellora and Nasik.The best specimens of Chalukya paintings can be seen in the Badamicave temple and in the Ajanta caves. The reception given to a Persianembassy by Pulakesin II is depicted in a painting at Ajantha.The Chalukya temples may be divided into two stages. Thefirst stage is represented by the temples at Aihole and Badami.Among the seventy temples found at Aihole, four are important.1. Ladh Khan temple is a low, flat-roofed structureconsisting of a pillared hall.2. Durga temple resembles a Buddha Chaitya.3. Huchimalligudi temple.4. The Jain temple at Meguti.Among the temples at Badami,the Muktheeswara temple and theMelagutti Sivalaya are notable fortheir architectural beauty. A group offour rock-cut temples at Badami aremarked by high workmanship. Thewalls and pillared halls are adornedby beautiful images of gods andhuman beings.
The second stage isrepresented by the temples atPattadakal. There are ten templeshere, four in the northern style andthe remaining six in the Dravidianstyle. The Papanatha temple is themost notable in the northern style.The Sangamesvara temple and theVirupaksha temple are famous for their Dravidian style. TheVirupaksha temple is built on the model of the Kailasanatha templeat Kanchipuram. It was built by one of the queens of VikramadityaII. Sculptors brought from Kanchi were employed in its construction.
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