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A can filled with water is heated so that water boils.put the airtight cap on the mouthnow let the can coolits sides gets deformedwhy?



When a can filled with water is heated the water vapour remove all the air from the can and takes its place ....and when an airtight cap is placed and the can is allowed to cool,the water vapour again turns back into water and low pressure is created inside it. And a relatively high pressure is developed outside .so pressure is exerted from outside and causes deformation of the can.
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When water boils, there is water vapor above the liquid water in the can. When the can is closed with an air tight cap and the can is cooled, the vapor inside cools and condenses to water. The volume of air and water vapor remains almost the same. But pressure decreases drastically. Due to the difference in air pressure inside and the atmospheric pressure out side the can, the walls are deformed. They yield to the hydraulic stress of atmospheric pressure acting on the outer walls of can.

This is like a cool drink packet made of cardboard paper pulp like Maaza or fruity. When we drink the juice completely and then suck some air into our mouths, the walls of the packet give in and contract inside.

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