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2014-10-21T14:27:18+05:30
After World War II the rate of decolonization around the world dramatically increased as a number of colonies were striving for independence from their foreign rulers. France and the United Kingdom, holding some of the largest colonies in the world, were feeling this wave of nationalism, and both suffered colonial loss around the same time. The United Kingdom lost India in 1947, and France lost the colony of Indochina, modern day Vietnam, shortly after World War II in 1945. The two colonies were both the largest of their colonizers at the time and both were economically most contributing. The United Kingdom and France were both unwilling to lose their most profitable colonies, so they took similar approaches to demoralize their rebellious inhabitants. Both provided a strong military presence and used aggressive tactics to combat rebels. Despite the United Kingdom and France’s efforts to avoid the loss of their colonies both eventually gained their independence. The United Kingdom and France avoided, and even refused, peaceful methods of separation, and only tightened their grip on the colonies. This led to instability and created leaders like Gandhi and Ho Chi Ming, as people looked to find individuals to follow on their road to independence. Indochina and India, and its new leaders, were unprepared for independence and the two colonies, and the people, became divided which would later involve into major conflicts. Modern history views these events as two very different types of decolonization, the following essay will show the similarities of the decolonization, conflicts, and situations both France and the United Kingdom faced leading up to, during, and after the process of decolonization with their colonies of India and Indochina. 
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