Primitive man was solely dependent for its existence (food, water and shelter, etc.) on the environment around him. From geographical point of view, environment includes the entire range of external influences—both physical and biological—
Society is but one component of human life and is never independent of environment; instead, there is a complex interactive process among organization (society), population, technology and environment. A society is the organization of a population but the size and characteristics of any population depend upon the sustaining environment.