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a chemical reaction in which an ester is heated with an alkali (especially the alkaline hydrolysis of a fat or oil to make soap)
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Saponification is a process that produces soap, usually from fats and lye. It involves a reaction between a base, usually sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), and a triglyceride, which is an ester of a fatty acid. The triglycerides are hydrolyzed to form the sodium salt of a carboxylate. In addition to soap, such traditional saponification processes produce glycerol. "Saponifiable substances" are those that can be converted into soap
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When an ester is heated with dilute NaOH solution, it gets converted into the original alcohol and sodium salt of the original carboxylic acid. This reaction is called saponification .
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