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Cyclone Hudhud unleashed its full fury with devastating effect on Visakhapatnam on 12th October, making landfall at noon and hurling through neighboring areas, ripping apart coastal cities and towns and leaving a trail of destruction. According to the state government, about 2.5 lakh people in 320 villages of 44 mandals (blocks) in the districts of Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram, Srikakulam and East Godavari are affected by the cyclonic devastation. The cyclone claimed 21 lives, damaged as many as 6,836 houses while the number of boats missing or damaged has been put at 181. Eastern Power Distribution Company of Andhra Pradesh Limited alone is estimated to have suffered a loss of Rs 40,000 crore. About 16,000 electric poles were knocked down by cyclone fury that also left around 6,000 transformers damaged. Damages to Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited (Vizag steel plant) were estimated at Rs 1,000 crore, Indian Navy Rs 2,000 crore, Andhra University Rs 300 crore and Vizag airport Rs 500 crore, Naidu said. Relief Operations: More than 1.35 lakh people have been rehabilitated at 223 medical teams equipped relief camps, where 5.62 lakh persons are being provided food. Prime Minister Narendra Modi inspected the cyclone-hit areas to assess the situation and announced Rs 1000 crore-aid as an interim relief for the cyclone affected areas by the Centre. As many as 24 National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) teams, two Army columns, 56 boats/launches and six helicopters were deployed for relief measures. Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Chandrababu Naidu asked the Centre to declare the very severe cyclone storm ‘Hudhud’ that hit the state’s coast as a national calamity and also sought an ad hoc relief package of Rs 2,000 crore. How Cyclone Hudhud got its name? The name Hudhud in Arabic refers to the Hoopoe bird. The Hudhud, or hoopoe bird, the national bird of Israel is an exotic creature noticed for its distinctive crown of feathers and is widespread in Europe, Asia and North Africa. The WMO/ESCAP Panel on Tropical Cyclones at its twenty-seventh Session held in 2000 in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman agreed in principal to assign names to the tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea. The eight countries - India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Sri Lanka and Thailand - took part and came up with a list of 64 names - eight names from each country - for upcoming cyclones in the spirit of co-operation and consensus. The last cyclone in the region was Nanauk in June, 2014 a name contributed by Myanmar. The next cyclone in the northern Indian Ocean region will be named Nilofar by Pakistan followed by Priya (Sri Lanka) and Komen (Thailand).
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Very Severe Cyclonic Storm Hudhud was the second strongest tropical cyclone of 2014 within the North Indian Ocean, as well as the most destructive tropical cyclone in the basin since Nargis in 2008.

Hudhud originated from a low pressure system that formed under the influence of an upper-air cyclonic circulation in the Andaman Sea on October 6. Hudhud intensified into a cyclonic storm on October 8 and as a Severe Cyclonic Storm on October 9. Hudhud underwent rapid deepening in the following days and was classified as a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm by the IMD. Shortly before landfall near Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, on October 12, Hudhud reached its peak strength with three minute wind speeds of 175 km/h (109 mph) and a minimum central pressure of 960 mbar (28.35 inHg). The system then drifted northwards towards Uttar Pradesh and Nepal, causing widespread rains in both areas and heavy snowfall in the latter.

Hudhud caused extensive damage to the city of Visakhapatnam and the neighbouring districts of Vizianagaram andSrikakulam of Andhra Pradesh. Damages are estimated to be at least 70000 crore with assessments still underway. At least 109 deaths have been confirmed, a majority of them from Andhra Pradesh and Nepal, with the latter experiencing an avalanche due to the cyclone.

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