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Our cells need oxygen to survive. One of the waste products produced by cells is another gas called carbon dioxide. The respiratory system takes up oxygen from the air we breathe and expels the unwanted carbon dioxide. The main organ of the respiratory system is the lungs.

The nose and trachea
Breathing in through the nose humidifies the air. Nose hairs help to trap any particles of dust. The warmed air enters the lungs through the windpipe, or trachea. The trachea is a hollow tube bolstered by rings of cartilage to prevent it from collapsing.

The lungs
The lungs are inside the chest, protected by the ribcage and wrapped in a membrane called the pleura. The lungs look like giant sponges, since they are filled with thousands of tubes, branching smaller and smaller. The smallest components of all are the air sacs, called 'alveoli'. Each one has a fine mesh of capillaries. This is where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place.

The breathing muscles
To stay inflated, the lungs rely on a vacuum inside the chest. The diaphragm is a sheet of muscle slung underneath the lungs. When we breathe, the diaphragm contracts and relaxes. This change in air pressure means that air is ‘sucked’ into the lungs on inhalation and ‘pushed’ out of the lungs on exhalation. The intercostal muscles between the ribs help to change the internal pressure by lifting and relaxing the ribcage in rhythm with the diaphragm.

The exchange of gas
The blood containing carbon dioxide enters the capillaries lining the alveoli. The gas moves from the blood across a thin film of moisture and into the air sac. The carbon dioxide is then breathed out. On inhalation, oxygen is drawn down into the alveoli where it passes into the blood using the same film of moisture.

The respiratory system also allows us to talk. Exhaled air runs over the vocal cords inside the throat. The sound of the voice depends on: The tension and length of the vocal cords The shape of the chest How much air is being exhaled. Problems of the respiratory system
Some common problems of the respiratory system include: Asthma – wheezing and breathlessness caused by a narrowing of the airways Bronchitis – inflammation of the lung’s mucous lining Emphysema – disease of the alveoli Hayfever – an allergic reaction to pollen, dust or other irritants Influenza – caused by viruses Laryngitis – inflammation of the vocal cords (larynx) Pneumonia – inflammation of the lung.
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Nandaabcr you can summarize it if ya want
Energy is required for the functioning of the organs in the body.We get energy from the food we eat.The energy present in the food is not readily availablefor utilization.To make this energy available for utilization,oxygen is required.Oxygen from the atmosphere reaches the cells through respiratory system.In the same way carbondioxide released in the cells reaches the respiratory system and from there it is released outside.To perform all these functions there are different parts in the respiratory system.         The parts in the respiratory system are 1.Nose   2.Pharynx   3.Larynx   4.TRACHEA   5.BRONCHI/BRONCHIOLES   6.LUNGS....

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