1) What are the geographical factors for the plantation of tea in kerala?
2) what are the statistics and the problems faced in the plantation of coffee in kerala?
3) what are the geographical factors, methods, statistics and the problems faced while the plantation of rubber in kerala ?

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2015-01-07T04:47:58+05:30

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 Tea in kerala

The quality, and yield are highly dependent on the climate.  Tea bush  (tea grown as a bush) is a tropical plant. It grows well in the hot and humid climate.  The ideal temperatures are between 20 and 30 deg. C.  Tea grows well in Kerala in regions where the rain fall is good, like 150 to 300 cm annual rainfall, but distributed well throughout the year.  Kerala is in place where north east and north west monsoons arrive.   There should not be too much of dry hot summer.  Tea grows well in shade.  Tea is planted on mountain slopes. There are many mountains in kerala.  The soil is particularly suited for tea.  The minerals Phosperous and Potash present in soil have enhanced the quality of tea. 

 

Coffee in kerala

Coffee is grown in shade and along with a lot of spices.  It depends on environment conditions and climate.  Coffee needs rains.  Soil organic matter must be  slightly acidic (pH 6.0 – 6.5).  The temperature and rain fall suit growth of coffee in Kerala. 

There seems to be a problem (disease on coffee leaves) due to fungus Hemileia vastatrix.   There is another disease called coffee rot.  The leaves and coffee berries fall in the ground.  Also there are snakes causing nuisance.

 

Rubber in kerala.

Rubber needs hot and humid climate.  The temperature could be around  25 to 35 degrees C.   The annual rain fall should be more than 200 cm and rains should fall more or less through out the year.  Kerala has two monsoons from south west and south east.  So it is suitable. Hills slopes are suitable.  A moderate height of 500 meters above sea level is good.  Kerala may be producing perhaps 800 thousand tonnes of rubber per year. 







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the definition of anemometer ...........
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