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KVIC the khadi and village industries commision (KVIC) established by an act of parliament is a statutory organization engaged in promoting and developing khadi and village industries for providing employment opportunities in the rural areas, thereby strengthening the rural economy.

·  Coir Sector. The coir industry is a labour-intensive and export-oriented industry. It uses coir husk, a by-product of coconut. India is the largest coir producer in the world accounting for more than 80% of the total world production of coir fiber. The coir sector in India is very diverse and involves households, co-operatives, NGOs, manufacturers and exporters. The Coir Board, a statutory body established under the Coir Industry Act 1953, looks after the promotion, growth and development of the coir industry, including export promotion and expansion of the domestic market. The Coir Board implements a number of schemes which include assistance for participation in exhibitions, training for skill development and assistance under Mahila Coir Yojana, training, financial assistance for modernization of existing units, undertaking R&D activities, etc.

·  The Ministry of Agro and Rural Industries (ARI) implements two nation-wide employment generation programmes, namely, Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP) and Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana (PMRY). Both these programmes are credit-linked capital subsidy schemes which are implemented through commercial banks. While the REGP is implemented by the KVIC, the PMRY is implemented by the State Governments through the District Industries Centers (DICs).

The Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana (PMRY) was launched on 2nd October 1993 to assist educated unemployed youth in setting up self-employment ventures.The main objectives of REGP are to generate employment in rural areas, develop entrepreneurial skills and aptitude among rural unemployed youth, achieve the goal of rural industrialization and facilitate participation of banks in the village industries sector so as to ensure higher credit flow to these industries.


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