Free help with homework

Why join Brainly?

  • ask questions about your assignment
  • get answers with explanations
  • find similar questions

The circle is inscribed in the isosceles trapezium ABCD in which AB is parallel DC. If AB = 10 and DC = 30 cm. Find the area of the circle.




This Is a Certified Answer

Certified answers contain reliable, trustworthy information vouched for by a hand-picked team of experts. Brainly has millions of high quality answers, all of them carefully moderated by our most trusted community members, but certified answers are the finest of the finest.
See the diagram. 
Draw the trapezium as shown.  As it is an isosceles trapezium, CB = DA also.  The adjacent angles are same : ie.,  angle D = angle C    and  angle A  = angle B.

Draw the circle inscribing the trapezium ABCD.  It touches the trapezium at E, F, G and H.  As AB || DC, the line joining EF is the diameter of the circle.  EF is perpendicular to both AB and DC which are parallel tangents.  Parallel tangents can only be at the ends of a diameter to the circle.

Now, from symmetry, E and F are midpoints of AB and CD.  Hence AE = EB = 5 cm.  Also,  CF = DF = 15 cm.

As DG and DF are tangents to the circle from a point D, they are equal.  Hence, DG = 15 cm.  Similarly, CH = 15 cm  too.

As AG, and AE are two tangents drawn from a point A to the circle, they are equal.  Hence,  AG = AE = 5 cm.

The sides AD and CB are    = DG + AG = 15 + 5 = 20 cm

Draw a line AI, from A, perpendicular to CD meeting at I.  Now , AIFE is a rectangle.  Hence,  IF = AE = 5 cm.

Thus,  DI = DF - IF = 15 - 5 = 10 cm

The triangle DAI is a right angle triangle.  Thus apply Pythagoras theorem.

     AD² = DI² + IA²
   IA² = 15² - 10² = 125 cm²
     IA = 5√5 cm

IA = the diameter EF of the circle  , as IAEF is a rectangle.
 Area of the circle  =  π (5√5/2)² cm²
         = 125 π / 4 cm²

Area of the trapezium --- if you want =  1/2 *AB+CD) EF
                                         = 1/2 * (10+30) 5√5 = 100√5 cm²

1 5 1
you are genius....in which class do you read mr Murthy?
hello..... but the answer is 75pie
The Brain
  • The Brain
  • Helper
Not sure about the answer?
Learn more with Brainly!
Having trouble with your homework?
Get free help!
  • 80% of questions are answered in under 10 minutes
  • Answers come with explanations, so that you can learn
  • Answer quality is ensured by our experts