Rotation is going round on its own axis and revolution means being in circular motion going round of something. for eg the earth shows rotation in its own axis and shows revolution going around the sun at the same time.

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Rotation is the movement of the Earth on its axis. It makes us experience night and day. It takes about 24 hours to complete one rotation. 
Revolution is the trip the Earth takes in its orbit around the sun. It takes a year to complete one revolution.