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The Earth is at the maximum distance from the Sun  when it is at the Aphelion (151 million km).  It is closest to Sun when it is at Perihelion (147 million km).

When Earth is at Aphelion it is summer in the Northern hemisphere and winter in the Southern hemisphere.  When it is at Perihelion, it is summer in Southern hermisphere and winter in the Northern hemisphere.

Earth is at Longest distance at Aphelion around Jan 3 rd or so.
Earth is at shortest distance at Perihelion around July 3/4 or so.

These dates may alter a little each year, by some hours.

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nice answer sir!!! it hlps a lot to the user i think so... as per distance n date too which u mntioned