Colonial control of the government and military by the British led to the rise of nationalism in India.
Protests against the 1919 Rowlatt Act, which further restricted the rights of Indians, led to more protests which the British met by force. The military fired on an unarmed crowd of protestors and killed over around 400. The Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms of 1919 were enacted, giving Indians provincial government powers.
Rise of the Nationalism in India can also be called the Muslim nationalism in South Asia. The term refers to the cultural and political expression of nationalism. It is founded on the religious tenets and identity of Islam and of the Muslims found in South Asia.