The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake
took place at 00:58:53 UTC on 26 December 2004. Its epicentre had been located off the west coast of Sumatra - Indonesia. The magnitude
of the earthquake has been estimated to be in between of
and is the third highest magnitude ever recorded
by a seismograph. The official death-toll reaches as many as 230 000 dead in 13 countries. Five historical sites have been destroyed
by the tsunami, including the following three: - the Old Town of Galle in Sri Lanka
- the Tropical Rainforest of Sumatra in Indonesia - the Sun Temples of Konarak in India
It is actually quite hard to create the full list of affected cities, because of the horrifying scale of the calamity. As far as Indonesia goes for example, the most affected site was the Aceh province.
For example, its capital city - Banda Aceh
was severly damaged with as many as 31 000 fatalities
. Other cities and towns which survived substantial damage were for example: Leupung, Gleebruk, Teunom, Calang, Meulaboh.
The only real precaution that you can take against a tsunami is knowing perfectly where to run when it hits. In case of just an earthquake, it's crucial to stand in a safe spot
. If you are in building, you can use a door frame as such a safe spot because there's a small possibility it will be broken when a part of ceiling colapses for example.
Actually, earthquakes and calamities in general were featured in many catastrophic movies, e.g. The day after tomorrow
. Many of them are created to warn people against what might happen.
Below, some pictures which show sites of the tsunami from 2004. For more information and stories of people who experienced the tragedy, please take a look at the sites about that particular tsunami, for example: http://tsunami.trust.org/#/stories/