Solubility is the maximum amount of a substance that
will dissolve in a given amount of solvent at a specific temperature.
There are two direct factors that affect solubility: temperature and
pressure. Temperature affects the solubility of both solids and gases,
but pressure only affects the solubility of gases. Surface area does not
affect how much of a solute will be dissolved, but it is a factor in
how quickly or slowly the substance will dissolve. In this section, we
will explore all three of these factors and how they affect the
solubility of solids and gases.