It was first published in 1936 and is
considered the greatest Hindi novel of modern Indian literature,
although originally written in Urdu. Themed around the socio economic
deprivation as well as the exploitation of the village poor, the novel
was the last complete novel of Premchand. Its English translation first
published in 1968, by Gordon C. Roadarmel is now also considered a
classic by itself
The protagonist, Hori, a poor peasant, desperately longs for a cow, a
symbol of wealth and prestige in rural India. In a Faustian twist of
fate, Hori gets his cow, but ends by paying for it with his life. After
his death, the village priests demand a cow from his widow to bring his
soul absolution, and peace (Godaan). The narrative can be said to
represent the existence of the average Indian farmer under colonial
rule, with the protagonist facing cultural and feudal exploitation.
i hope this would be helpful to u...