Role of wildlife sanctuaries in conserving wildlife
A sanctuary is where animals that had been injured can rest. Most of them are released after treatment but sometimes they stay there (in case the injuries are too extensive for the animals to get back into the wilds) Sanctuaries play they part in preserving the species as well, given that many animals treated there are endangered spiecies. Their breeded there and released back into their natural habitat as soon as it becomes safe for them.
According to the Wildlife Sanctuaries (IUCN Category IV Protected Area), India has over 500 of them. There are different types of sanctuaries, like bird sanctuaries. Among them, we can find as many as 28 Tiger Reserves associated with Project Tiger playing a big part in conservation of the species. It is an interesting thing to know, that many national parks where originally sanctuaries.
In a country of such a big variety of fauna and flora, it is extremely important for India to care about its natural heritage. We are just as responsible as the government is to protect it and not only to preserve the beauty of it, but also to ensure the balance of the whole ecosystem. Protected areas, sucha as National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries were established to ensure that the most precious treasures of nature are protected from human interference. People cannot influence the wildlife there in any way, neither by cleaning, nor by hunting. In India, there are more than 100 national parks and 550 wildlife sanctuaries - natural habitats for countless rare species of Indian flora and fauna. The most protected animal species of all is the Royal Indian Tiger. There are about 40 areas declared as the tiger reserves in order to protect the them in Project Tiger program. Project Tiger is a wildlife conservation program administrated by National Tiger Conservation Authority in India since 1973. It aims at boosting the population of tigers in India, originally it was created to protect rare Bengal Tigers. The organization tries to pin-point potential reasons for the small number of those animals and eliminate the threat. So far it managed to stabilize and stimulate growth of those populations. There are more National Parks and Reserves specialized in a certain species, like Kaziranga National Park famous forprotecting the One-Horned Rhino. Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary - it’s the natural habitat for more than 300 species of birds and boasts being on of the most exquisite bird sanctuaries worldwide. The oldest one among them, is the Jim Corbett National Park India, established in 1936 by the ecologist Jim Corbett. Located at the foothills of Himalayan in Uttarakhand, this park is registered as the tiger reserve for the royal Bengal Tigers as well.
Apart from the preservation reasons, National Parks and Reserves bring lots of tourists, being one of the few places in the whole world to see the nature on its own turf.