Environment and How to Save it
Our Environment is a very essential part of our
life. It is the main source for us to live in and get
food from, to eat, play, work, enjoy, walk, breath, hear or drink.
The environment is basically the atmosphere, and surrounding geographical
area. We know very well that quality of our life depends on our
Let us question ourselves, who
spoils the environment ?
Long ago, people lived adapting themselves to
the environment and could not harm the environment. In
these days we are harming and degrading the environment, and
thus indirectly harming ourselves. Power of the technology and
science has enabled the man to exploit the environment for selfish and
indiscriminate use. This is creating problems for everyone.
The points that trouble
1. Deforestation: cutting and
burning of trees, plants indiscriminately, without replanting sufficient
number of trees to maintain the balance. Reduction in
2. Growth of population and
Rapid urbanization. The development has increased use
of non-environment-friendly materials, chemicals. Occupying green areas
and reduction of agricultural and forest areas.
3. Loss of biodiversity
Due to the man
encroaching upon their areas of living - habitats - many species are endangered
and are extinct. Due to pollution and poisoning of water and air, some
birds, and animals probably die every year too.
4. Air pollution (greenhouse gases), drinking
water pollution, river and ocean pollution by mixing
poisonous chemicals, plastics, oils, paints, fuel emissions. Smoke, carbon dioxide,
Sulphur oxides, Carbon monoxide, Flourine related gases etc. Non-biodegradable material thrown in to waters.
5. Global warming
and Depletion of ozone layer
temperature is rising steadily all over the globe. The seasons
of the year are getting disturbed. Rains, winds are getting irregular.
Ice at the ice mountains and North and South poles are melting.
Ozone layer at the top of the atmosphere is getting depleted due to green
house gases - chlorofluorocarbons (fluorine radicals due to uv light).
6. Depletion of underground
water, oil and gas reserves and natural resources like
minerals. We are consuming various natural resources from Earth, faster
than they get regenerated naturally. The recycling mechanisms in the
bio-sphere of Earth are affected.
Effect of our irrational or selfish actions:
Famines, untimely rains, cyclones, polar ice melting,
ecological imbalance, increase in erosion of land, less protection from UV
radiation, diseases and life amidst pollution and so on. The various
actions that we do intentionally or unintentionally are affecting our
we have to do :
We have to adapt our
manufacturing and domestic product usage processes to the
environment. We must use reducible, reusable, regenerative and
recyclable techniques. The governments of various countries and
the United Nations Organization must take up actions at a global level.
There are many measures taken
to reduce use of power and hence consumption of fuel. Green building
designs are now being used. These building have high efficiency in using
lighting, and water. Renewable energy sources like Solar energy
and geothermal energies are being used more than before.
Long term planning and monitoring
of actions of private corporations is needed. The young must be educated
to live in harmony with environment rather than exploit it.
Many environment friendly fuels, vehicles, constructions are
coming up slowly. There is also an awareness for environment friendly
Holi colors. Many organic materials are coming into the market.
Probably environment friendly measures are costlier at the moment.
However, in future they may become viable.
Many voluntary organizations around the world are participating
in awareness demonstrations, rallies and other activities regularly. The
children are more aware of the environment, pollution and related consequences
more than before.
Is it really possible
It is probably difficult to have a totally environmentally
friendly in all the countries in all fields. All countries are not
economically, and technologically at par. The solutions are often
expensive for all countries to follow. However, where ever possible in
what ever field of application, one's aim should be to be environmentally