Technology for better Life
is based on sciences and depends on engineering to come to people. Science
establishes the relationships (laws) among various substances and physical
quantities in different situations. Technology tries to make an improved
product, or service using a more suitable method or substance or law. The
aim is always to improve the quality of the product, and decrease the cost of
the product or service. A technology that is not yet feasible,
necessary or economical at the present time, perhaps will be feasible
and economical later in future.
People live in societies. Due to individual and
collective desires and due to natural processes of evolution of cultures, there
is a steady progress towards an improved life at all levels in the
society. The standard of living, products and services used and quality
of life steadily improves.
Technology is the a standardized method of
realizing a formula using a class of materials, and a particular technique
related to precision or production. Suppose a particular technology is employed
in manufacturing & engineering of electricity generation or
distribution. If a new semiconductor material better than Silicon is
found, or, a more precise way of making a more complex electronic chip is
known, then using that will be the new technology. Coal based heating in
electric power generation plant uses traditional technology. Atomic power
plants use a more advanced nuclear fission process based method to heat
water. So there is a leap in technology to generate a long term based
safer, cheaper electric power. The hazards posed by newer technology is a
problem that more advanced technologies have to solve.
The manufactured products are always meant for the people in the
society or for the top rich and creamy layer of the society. The people
accept the product and its technology or reject it depending on convenience of
use and cost. Then technology is improved to bring another product to
satisfy the needs of the people.
The science (and research), technology (newer
and improved), engineering and society (use, accept/reject) cycle
continues for ever in the world.
When people used to burn coal and wood for cooking
in kitchen, there were many problems. New technologies brought in LPG
stoves, Biogas based heating, electric stoves, electric cookers, microwave
ovens and solar cookers. Each product utilizes a new technology (method,
raw material, design) and gives better service at higher efficiency,
convenience, at lower cost to the people, than the earlier technology.
This is what we mean by technology for people.
Reaching to people through its offices and providing
its services to people became difficult for the government as the
population and problems increased. Using computers, Internet,
telecommunications, centralized service providing stations, any time e-services
have made the traditional government as e-government. This has been
possible through over a period of time.
Improvements in medical diagnosis and treatments
have been made through many generations of technology. A disease that
took months to diagnose and cure are now diagnosed and cured within hours or
The facility of communication with relations and
friends was difficult, time consuming and depended on weather and on other
people. Then postal services, fixed telephone, telegrams, were
available. Later cordless and mobile phones were available. Now a
more interactive web based services and phones are combined in one gadget.
Thus the main Responsibility of technology towards
modern society is to build better quality, more efficient, more convenient,
safer, more pleasing and more satisfying products or services in an optimal
way. Role of technology is to find a new
way to make products and methods cheaper and to make available
products which are only on paper. Also, the role extends to
mitigating hazards posed by employing new technologies.
As new technology brings in new products and services, the people
get used to it, and later they look for some thing more. So the role of
technology will be to search further again for newer technologies.
Thus technology brings in continuous improvement in the life of
people in a society through continuous improvement in products and