Science establishes the relationships among various substances and
objects in this world in various conditions. Behavior of various substances and
changes in them is explained by principles of science.
Science identifies properties of materials and nature. The
way to generate electricity is identified by science principle :
electromagnetic induction, for example.
Technology is the a standardized method of
realizing a formula using a class of materials, and a particular technique
related to precision or production. So a particular technology is
employed in manufacturing & engineering of electricity generation or
distribution. Similarly, if a new semiconductor material is found better
than Silicon, or, a more precise way of making a more complex electronic chip
is known by physics, then a suitable technology is required to manufacture it.
The manufactured products are used for the benefit of the society
and the people. The people accept the product and its technology or
reject it depending on convenience and cost. Then technology is improved
to bring another product to satisfy the people.
The science (and research), technology (new or improved),
engineering and society (use, accept/reject) cycle continues for ever in the
world. Huge mainframe computers to small laptops are made by this cycle
of activities by generations of people.
Role of technology towards modern society is to build better quality, more
efficient, more convenient, safer and more pleasing and more satisfying
products in an optimum way. Role of technology is to find a new way to
make products and methods cheaper and to make available products which are only
Role of technology is continuous improvement in the life of people in a society
and continuous improvement in products and services.