You must have noticed by now that your guitar has only SIX strings,Ever wondered how those Guitarists produce cool music,just by these Six Strings?? have read about a thing Called “FretBoard”,If not then read .The Fretboard is Divided into several Partitions called “FRETS” and they are the things that bring the change in the sound.pressing one them along with striking the string produce a peculiar sound called “NOTE“,“.Music has got SEVEN natural notes ,named as "A,B,C,D,E,F,G",including the "FLATS and SHARP" there are a total of 12 NotesThe notes get Repeated after every 12 Notes,and they are a bit sharper(as they are at a higher pitch the ,usually the difference is called an Octave)There are spacings between each Natural note,called a “Whole Step” (think Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni), a distinct sound difference in the tone of each musical note.Halfway between music notes there are Half Steps ( A A# B C C# D D# E F F# G G#) ,The ‘#‘ symbol is called a SHARP,and Note that half steps are also called Flats,usually denoted by a “b“(called a FLAT ) at the end (Ab A Bb B C Db D Eb E F Gb G)You will notice that between the B and C and between the E and F there are no half steps,these two exceptions are only a half step apart in their normal form. The sharp and flat names can mean the same thing, for example after the A note the half step can be called either A# (A sharp) or Bb (B flat).If the half step FOLLOWS a note, it is sharp - if it comes BEFORE a note it is flat:
A (A# or Bb) B C (C# or Db) D (D# or Eb) E F (F# or Gb) G (G# or Ab).On your guitar, each fret provides a Half Step between each note – remember that the two exceptions B-C and E-F are actually a half step apart (there are no sharps/flats between these notes).The six strings on your guitar are normally Tuned to the following notes in their “open” (or un-fretted) form:
1st String (closest to the ground, thinnest string) – E (the high-pitched one)
2nd String – B
3th String – G
4th String – D
5th String – A
6th String (closest to your face, Thickest string) – E( the low-pitched one)Note in the FRETMAP above, how the 2nd fret is both F# when it follows the F and Gb when it precedes the G.
Both F# and Gb are the same, they indicate the half step between F and G.While Theory seems boring - it is absolutely essential that you get sufficient knowledge of It,as it will help you to pick up you music easily.