Employers used many methods to recruit and retain labour –
1. Heavy taxes were imposed which could be paid only by working for wages on plantations
and mines.
2. Inheritance laws were changed so that peasants were displaced from land; only one
member of a family was allowed to inherit land , as a result of which the others were
pushed into the labour market.
3. Mineworkers were also confined in compounds and not allowed to move about freely.