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Decantation: It's the process of separating a liquid by pouring it out carefully after sedimentation.
Filtration: It's the process of separating the liquid through a filter paper from solid residue.It results in better purification than decantation.
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Filtration is the process of using a filter mechanically to seperate mixtures of solids and fluids.Depending on application the solid,fluid or both may be isolated.
Decantation is the process for the seperation of mixtures carefully pouring a solution from a container leaving sediments in the bottom of the container.