Urbanization is the natural phenomenon of
large population immigrates to one town gradually and continually over a period
of time. The town becomes a city and a
mega city. In India urban area means
more than a hundred thousand people. In western
countries the number is much lower like 20,000. Due
to rapid development in the country the industrial and political centers are getting
urbanized. The policies of
liberalization have too encouraged it.
Urbanization is good for the economy as it increases. There is more employment. Average income increases. Birthrate and death rate are less. Obviously it’s because of better medical
facilities. Fertility decreases because of tensions and pressures faced.
People live with better sanitation, water,
electricity, education related facilities.
Urban areas cause latest commutation modes to develop like metros
etc. In rural areas people do not have
the basic amenities even today.
Urbanization increases competition among people enhancing the
performance. However, rapid growth causes
congestion and pollution too.
1950s 750 million lived in cities. Now nearly 4 billion people (50% of population) in the world live
in urban areas. In India there are 300 urban areas already. Let’s say urbanization
is good, as we all like it here. But we
also want a well planned expansion. Uncontrolled urbanization took place in the previous two decades. Hope
the present and future authorities take care of that.