The major theme in this story is the problem of hunger and starvation. The author has protrayed the darker side of the Iranian society post revolution of 1979. The author has tried to show that the uneducated poor as well as educated unemployed, both suffer the pangs of hunger and are the victims of starvation.
Another theme in the story is the vast economic and social differences between the haves and the have-nots.The author has wanted to say us how the poor class people die of hunger and starvation and how the upper classes indulge in extravagnance. There is a wide economis gap between the rich and the poor.
hope this helps.. ;)