Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata, (born March 3, 1839, Navsari, Gujarat, India—died May 19, 1904, Bad Nauheim,Germany), Indian philanthropist and entrepreneur who founded the Tata Group. His ambitious endeavours helped catapult India into the league of industrialized countries.In 1901 Jamsetji began organizing India’s first large-scale ironworks, and six years later these were incorporated as the Tata Iron and Steel Company (now Tata Steel). Under the direction of his sons, Sir Dorabji Jamsetji Tata (1859–1932) and Sir Ratanji Tata (1871–1932), the Tata Iron and Steel Company became the largest privately owned steelmaker in India and the nucleus of a group of companies producing not only textiles, steel, and hydroelectric power but also chemicals, agricultural equipment, trucks, locomotives, and cement. Jamsetji’s other commercial ventures included the Taj Mahal Palace, the first luxury hotel in India. After Jamsetji’s death in 1904, his family retained control of the Tata Group and built it into a global conglomerate that by the early 21st century included more than 100 companies.