Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata, (born March 3, 1839, Navsari, Gujarat, India—died May 19, 1904, Bad Nauheim, Germany), Indian philanthropist and entrepreneur who founded the Tata Group. His ambitious endeavours helped catapult India into the league of industrialized countries.Born
into a Parsi family, Jamsetji was the first child and only son of
Nusserwanji Tata. After graduating from Elphinstone College, Bombay (now
Mumbai), in 1858, he joined his father’s export-trading firm and helped
establish its branches in Japan, China, Europe, and the United States.
In 1868 Jamsetji founded a trading company that later evolved into the
Tata Group. In 1872 he focused on cotton manufacturing
and subsequently founded mills at Nagpur, Bombay, and Coorla. His
enterprises were noted for efficiency, for improved labour-protection
policies, and for the introduction of finer grades of fibre. He also
planned for the Bombay-area hydroelectric power plants that became the Tata Power company in 1906.