Shiv Ram Hari Rajguru was conceived in a normal white collar class Hindu Brahmin family at Khed in Poona locale in 1906. He came to Varanasi at an early age where he learnt Sanskrit and read the Hindu religious sacred writings. He had a decent memory and learnt by heart the 'Laghu Siddhant Kaumudi'. He adored physical activities and was connected with various such affiliations. He had extraordinary profound respect for Shivaji and his guerilla strategies.
At Varanasi, he interacted with progressives. He joined the development and turned into a dynamic individual from the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (H.S.R.A). He was known in the gathering under the alias Raghunath. Rajguru had dauntless soul and unyielding bravery. The main object of his worship and love was his homeland for whose freedom he considered no penance excessively incredible. He was a nearby partner of Chandra Shekhar Azad, Sardar Bhagat Singh and Jatin Das and his field of action was U.P and Punjab, with Kanpur, Agra and Lahore as his base camp. Rajguru was a decent shot and was viewed as the shooter of the gathering. He tuned in different exercises of the progressive development, the most imperative being Saunder's homicide. Lala Lajpat Rai, a famous patriot pioneer and mainstream amongst the progressives, was lethally injured in a police lathi-charge on 20 October 1928, while driving a parade against the Simon Commission, and passed on 17 November 1928. The progressives wanted to retaliate for Lalaji's demise by executing the Police Superintendent, Scott and the Deputy Superitendent of Police, Saunders who were in charge of the lathi charge prompting the passing of Lalaji. Chandra Shekhar Azad, Shiv Ram Rajguru, Bhagat Singh and Jai Gopal were deputed for the work. On 17 December 1928, while Saunders exited his office and began his engine cycle, he was shot dead before the police central command at Lahore by Rajguru. Azad shot dead Channan Singh, a Head Constable, who needed to pursue the three progressives. Every one of them got away through the D.A.V. School exacerbate: that night notices of the HSRA announcing 'Saunders is dead. Lalaji is retaliated for' were set up all through the city of Lahore. On 20 December, Rajguru left Lahore camouflaged as Bhagat Singh's worker, who went in a top of the line compartment with the wife and the youthful child of the progressive Bhagawati Charan. He cleared out Bhagat Singh at Lucknow and went underground.
Later Bhagat Singh was captured in the Assembly Bomb Case and a few different progressives were captured with the assistance of approvers (Jai Gopal, Phanindra Nath and Hansraj Vohra). Rajguru was captured at Poon on 30 September 1929 and a gun with fourteen cartridges was recuperated from a crate where he was resting. The Government began a body of evidence against sixteen persons (counting Rajguru), known as the Lahore Conspiracy Case. Judgment was conveyed on 7 October 1930, Sardar Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were sentenced to death and the other blamed were granted different terms for detainment. The entire country was stirred and the names of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev got to be as mainstream as that of Mahatma Gandhi. Gatherings, parades and representations were made for compensation of their capital punishment. Mahatma Gandhi and the pioneers of the Indian National Congress endeavored to spare their lives, yet they fizzled. An engage the Privy Council was alos rejected. Rajguru alongside his two confidants was hanged in the Lahore correctional facility at night of 23 March 1931 and their bodies were smoldered under police supervision. At the season of his affliction, Rajguru was not really twenty-three years old.
The execution of the youthful progressives was viewed as a national calamity and national grieving was watched all through the nation. The A.I.C.C session at Karachi (1931) met under despair and passed a determination putting on record its adoration of the dauntlessness and penance of the late Sardar Bhagat Singh and his friends Sukhdev and Rajguru and grieving with the dispossessed families the loss of these lives. The Congress is of supposition that the triple execution is a demonstration of wanton retribution and is a planned flounting of the unanmious interest of the country for recompense.