A.)Penicillin belongs to the family of medications
known as antibiotics.Penicillin is
used to treat infections caused by certain bacteria. It is most commonly used
to treat certain throat, respiratory tract, and skin infections.
It is discovered by Alexander Fleming.
B.) Waksman had been
studying the Streptomyces family
of organism since his college student days and had, for a time, been studying
the organism Streptomyces griseus. Streptomycin was isolated from S. griseus and found effective against tuberculosis by
one of Waksman's graduate students, Albert Schatz
C.) In 1885 German-Austrian pediatrician and university
professor Theodor Escherich discovered the bacterium Escherichia coli, in
short E.coil.it is used to produce insulin.
D.)Maurice Ralph Hilleman was an American microbiologist who specialized in vaccinology and developed over 36 vaccines, more than any other scientist.he had discovered measles virus which helped to cure measles disease as MMR vaccine was extracted from it...a cure to the disease...
E.)influenza virus was discovered by Richard E. Shope....it was used to extract the flu vaccine...helpful in curing various flues..
biotechnology was the technique used to create all these medicines...
hope it helps:)