K. Kamaraj - In this Indian
name, the name "Kumaraswami" is a patronymic, not a family name, and the
person should be referred to by the given name, "Kamaraj". The
abbreviations "s/o" or "d/o", if used, mean "son of" or "daughter of"
Kamaraj Kumarasami, better known as K. Kamaraj (15
July 1903 – 2 October 1975) was an Indian politician widely considered
to be the only kingmaker in Indian politics, and known for his honesty,
integrity and simplicity.
He was involved in the Indian independence movement and was a close ally
of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India. He was
instrumental in bringing to power two Prime Ministers, Lal Bahadur
Shastri in 1964 and Indira Gandhi in 1966. He was affectionately known
as the Gandhi of the South. In Tamil Nadu, his home state, he is still
hailed for facilitating the spread of education to millions of the rural
poor by introducing free education and free mid-day meals scheme in
schools for the first time in the whole world during his
chiefministership in 1957. He was awarded India's highest civilian
honour, the Bharat Ratna, posthumously in 1976. The main airport in
Chennai is today named Kamaraj airport in his honor.