1) in 1764 louis xvi ascended the throne of france
2) long years of war had drained the the financial resources of france
3)to meet its regular expenses, such as the cost of maintaining an army, the court, running government offices or universities, the state was forced to increase taxes
4)ony members of the third estate paid taxes
the french society was divided into three estates
1)the first estate comprised of clergy who enjoyed certain priveleges by birth
2)the second estate comprised of nobility who enjoyed a lot of priveleges and were exempted from paying taxes
3)the third estate comprised of big businessmen, merchants, court officials, lawyers, peasants, artisans, small peasants,landless labour, servants, etc. and they were the only members who paid taxes. so yhey were unhappy and thus, revolted.
1)peasants made up about 90% of the population.However, only a small no. of them owned the land tey cultivated
2)the nobles further enjoyed feudal priveleges. these included feudal dues, which they extracted from the peasants
3)peasants were obliged to render services to the lord--
to work in his house and fields -- to serve in the army or to participate in building roads.