Tiger the largest member of cat family is the most threatened of the world's carnivores. India has 60% of the world's tigers. For the past five years the tigers population decreased to an average of 35% due to poaching and other reasons. In 1972 Government of India launched the project tiger to save the tiger from the brink of extinction. The health of the ecosystem depends upon the well being of tiger. At present there are 27 tiger reserves in our country covering an area of 35000sq km.This project helped in increasing the number of tigers from 2000 in 1973 to 3800 today.The success of the project was achieved by enforcement of strict anti poaching measures and scientific conservation practices.