Comparison of Clause and Phrase... => A prase is a meaningful group of words. => It depend son other parts of the sentence to make complete sense. => It does not have a subject or predicate. => It has no finite verb. => Clause is a group of meaningful words. => It may or may not be dependent on other parts of the sentence to make sense. => It has a subject and predicate. => It has a finite verb.
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This is basically a comparison. Not differentiating. The points from the arrow after clause (=> Clause is a ) are the next set of points.