Kharif crops are usually sown
with the beginning of the first rains in July, during the south-west
monsoon season starts on 16 April and lasts until 15 October.
Rabi season crops are called winter season crops. The major Rabi crop in India is wheat, followed by barley, mustard, sesame and peas. Peas are harvested early, as they are ready early: Indian markets are flooded with green peas from January to March, peaking in February.