In AD 455, Rome was attacked . the damage was done by the Vandals. The city suffered serious damage. In AD 476, the last Roman emperor in the west, Romulus Augustulus, was removed from power by Odovacar, leader of the Goths. This date is usually used by historians as the year the Roman Empire ended. However, Roman rule continued in the eastern empire for a number of years after this date - in modern Greece, Turkey, the Middle East and northern Egypt.The result was that civilized life saw a long period of decline. Building slowed down and bridges and roads fell into serious decline and disuse.The lack of good roads and bridges, and the danger caused by the roaming Germanic tribes and bandits made it difficult to send goods from one place to another.
The lack of trade seriously hurt the local economies of Europe. Additionally, during this time period there was a general decline in education.Overall, the lives of the people were harder, they had less food, poorer educations, and lower living conditions than earlier generations. This time period has come to be known as the Dark Ages, or Medieval times. Medieval means “Middle Age” and refers to the fact that these difficult times bridged the ancient world with the modern world.