Their venom contains (amino) acids, peptides. (proteins and enzymes).
They can be neutralized by alkyl liquids to some extent. Antivenin (antivenene) is given to neutralize their effect by doctors.
Honey bee sting:
stings by penetrating its barbed sharp stinger into the skin of the victim
animal. It injects an acidic chemical apitoxin
or bee venom containing mainly peptides. Main component is the acidic peptide toxin “melittin” (50%).
Others are “histamine”, phospholipase A2 enzyme, Apamin, Adolapin, Hyaluronidase,
Dopamine, Noradrenaline, Protease-inhibitors, Teriapin and other amines.
A victim of
honey bee sting can escape further attacks by entering water and by washing off
the “alarm pheromones” released by the bee on the skin of the victim. The smell of pheromones attracts other bees.
First, the stinger must be removed from the
body immediately. Apply some cold thing
like ice on the skin to reduce pain. A
local anesthesia (Benzocaine) or a pain killer and applying menthol reduce the
itch. In traditional cures, applying damp
clay, salt, baking soda, garlic, tooth paste, alkali liquid, aspirin paste etc.
are recommended. Ammonia liquids can used to wash the skin,
which removes a part of the venom. Doctors
often give Titanus injection too. The
deeply injected venom comes out through sweat and other means slowly. Pain comes down in some hours and the
swelling in a few days.
sting with the long finger like structures called tentacles. Their venom is also called jellyfish
venom. It is possible to appear as a
mild rash on the skin. The venom
contains histamine, serotonin, kinins or prostaglandins etc. Basically they contain peptides and
Wash off the sting area as soon as
possible. Apply sea water (salty)
rather than normal water. The parts of
the tentacles on skin get washed off.
Remove the stinger.
To get some relief from the pain, apply some
anti-itching creams. The contain
antihistamins and hydrocortisones. Calamine
lotion can be used. Traditional remedies
include dandelion, horsetail, , dock lead, plantain, jewel weed, spores of a
fern plant, damp mud, saliva, baking soda, oil, lemon juice, talcum powder and
milk of magnesia. Applying them reduces
pain. When they dry off, scrape off material
applied on the skin. Apply ice.
It takes some days to heal completely.
The doctors may give Antivenon injections too.