Deen Dayal Upadhyaya was a famous Indian personality. He was a leader in Bharatiya Jana Sangh & RSS, that
formed BJP later on. He was a multi-talented and multifaceted
fighter of 20th century. He was a noted economist, writer, editor, political
scientist, journalist, sociologist, historian, thinker, employer and
philosopher too. He is respected for his
good leadership, idealism and humanism. Giving
respect to him, his birth place is called DeenDayal Dham.
He was born on 25th September 1916 in
Mathura in a deeply Hindu religious family. He was good in academics securing
gold medal in Board exams. He studied In
Birla college in Pilani with a small scholarship. Later he studied Arts in degree and
literature in P.G. He joined public
service with an intention to serve the common man.
DeenDayal was a proponent of an alternative
model of governance and politics. He argued that neither governing philosophies of the East or the West were suitable for India. He
supported socialism. He called his socio-economical governance model as
Integral Humanism Theory (IHT) which was adopted by BJS/RSS. He introduced the concept of National sector
(public sector organizations). Pandit
Nehru initiated many of them. His
principles are appreciated by many including Dr. Subrahmanya Swamy and Dr APJ
1940s, he started a monthly “Rashtra Dharma”, a weekly Panchajanya and a daily “Swadesh”
from Lucknow. He believed that Dharma
was the correct guiding principle to govern a state. Deen Dayal Research Institute propagates a
successful model of rural development with self-reliance. Many villages are
developed in Chitrakoot. He wrote a
drama in Hindi “Chandragupta Maurya” and a biography of “shankaracharya”. He translated biography of Hedgewar (founder
of RSS) into Hindi from Marathi.
Unfortunately he was found dead mysteriously
beside railway tracks on 11th February 1968, while he was on a
schedule train journey in first class.